Pennsylvania was among a handful of states to accept a legal retail sports bet in and, beginning with its digital launch, has been among the biggest markets in the country. Rhode Island has been offering legal sports betting since when retail sportsbooks opened at its two commercial casinos. William Hill now owned by Caesars is the only legal retail and online sportsbook in the state. Since it has no casinos, Tennessee is the only state that has online-only sports betting.
Virginia took its first online sports bet in January and as many as a dozen options could be available by the end of the year. The lone legal District-wide mobile app, GamBet, is run by the lottery and, partially because it has no legal competition, has offered lines worse than market averages.
Another entrant, Handle 19, is readying to enter the marketplace with a retail location. Overall, D. It will never rival some of the larger markets, but bettors at least have several legal options to place a bet from anywhere within the state. Louisiana is the first to approve sports betting at a county or parish level, so it remains to be seen what sports betting will look like when it launches in or Lawmakers will also need to determine key regulatory details — including allowing online access — which could be a complex legislative process.
Retail casinos will almost assuredly be able to open retail sportsbooks as early as , but it remains to be seen how or if online wagering would be conducted in Louisiana. The voters of Maryland said yes to legalizing sports gambling in the Nov.
But there is widespread, bipartisan support for online and retail betting , meaning Marylanders should expect the launch of a competitive, digital marketplace as early as North Carolina legalized in-person sports betting in July for two tribal casinos in the western portion of the state, but both are still working towards opening their respective sportsbooks.
While that bill did not permit any mobile wagering, the state is expected to consider statewide mobile wagering in Lawmakers still need to pass follow-up legislation, but bettors should expect retail books to open in the historic gaming community of Deadwood as well as tribal casinos as early as The state constitution only permits wagering within Deadwood and tribal lands, but some believe statewide mobile wagering could be approved as long as the servers are placed in Deadwood.
This is far from a sure bet, but could open an interesting new digital market. Washington legalized sports betting on March 25, , though no bets have been taken because the state is in compact negotiations with tribal representatives to come up with terms of a new agreement that will allow sports betting to take place on tribal lands.
Arizona officials have touched on sports betting proposals the last few years and are still considering a path for state tribes to take sports bets. Key details would still need to be resolved, but officials from both parties are bullish on a deal, possibly as early as Online betting may be a tougher endeavor, but Arizona seems on solid footing for some sort of legal wagering sooner than later. With politicians largely supportive, Connecticut remains one of the more plausible states to pass a sports betting bill.
But until, or if, stakeholders can reach a deal, sports betting remains illegal. Some Florida politicians have come out in support of legal wagering, but a host of legal and logistical obstacles have thwarted any legislative efforts. Miami-based sports betting legislation expert Daniel Wallach said a constitutional amendment that prohibits lawmakers from passing gaming legislation without a voter referendum would not necessarily stop the legislature from authorizing sports gambling.
It could still be a major legal stumbling block. The other major concern is the interests of the Seminole Tribe of Florida. Though the Seminoles would almost assuredly support the right to open sportsbooks in Florida, as they have in other states, any authorization would have to come on their terms, which may not include online betting.
Meanwhile, the state continues a multi-year standoff over slot machine tax payments and exclusivity rights that also will need to be settled before sports betting authorization can take shape. Polls in Georgia say that voters are in favor of legalized sports betting. A last-minute legalization bill failed in the final moments of the legislative session, but legal betting could get another look in Brian Kemp might also be a veto threat to sports gambling progress.
As we saw during the November election, though, Georgia seems to be trending more and more politically blue every year. Kansas seemed like a safe bet to approval legal wagering in after both the House and Senate introduced bills to do so. The progress is an encouraging sign, and it appears the idea of sports betting has gained support in Kansas. Key regulatory issues will need to be resolved, and it remains to be seen if online betting is politically palatable, but Kansas could be among the favorites to pass legal retail betting as early as A sports betting bill zoomed out a legislative committee in the Kentucky House in early , but quickly hit a snag as Republican leadership tanked the bill despite bipartisan support.
Conservative, anti-gambling sentiment runs deep in Kentucky and remains a massive political barrier. The good news is that Democratic Gov. Andy Beshear is a big proponent of sports betting legalization, but until Republicans get on board, Kentucky sports betting may not happen. In that environment, it makes statewide mobile wagering even more difficult. Governor vetoed bill A Maine online sports betting bill seemed like a sure bet until Gov. Janet Mills vetoed what would have been the most competitive market in New England.
A veto override fell a few votes short, but sports betting backers are hoping to work with Mills on a new sports betting bill in Republican Massachusetts Gov. Charlie Baker and members of both parties in the Democrat-controlled General Court support sports betting. Elected officials have not reached consensus on several key issues, such as which entities would be allowed to take bets and if legal betting should include wagers on in-state college teams.
Legal betting should come to Massachusetts in the next two years. Multiple bills floated through the legislature but were dropped when the session ended early, and there are three new bills on the table now. Expect to see some action in for both online and in-person wagering — especially if Kansas is close to doing the same.
This would likely mean retail only, but North Dakota could be among a rare group of states that can take bets without an act of the legislature. Lawmakers held out hope for a bill in the final moments of , but it seems more likely a fresh set of legislators will have to take a new bill when the session begins.
Legal wagering has widespread bipartisan support in the legislative and executive branches, but politicians still need to hammer out a few issues that have stalled legislation for months. Texas would appear to be an unlikely sports betting adopter, but a dire budget situation and investment from outside gaming interests make it a possible target in The Lone Star State is still a longshot , but the pressures of the session the legislature only meets regularly in odd-numbered years could move Texas past its long-standing gambling opposition.
Vermont is one of the few remaining states without casinos, but it may be okay with legal sportsbooks, at least online. The state is considering a study bill and may feel pressured to accept wagering especially as the greater New England market continues to grow. Lawmakers seem unlikely to take up a sports betting bill anytime soon, but the Northern Arapaho Tribe appears it may add retail sports betting under the authority of existing law, much in the way tribes in New Mexico are operating sports betting without any legislation.
Alaska is pretty much nowhere on sports gambling. The 49th state might actually be the 49th to legalize it, if ever. Alabama is one of the few remaining states without a lottery and seems unlikely to thaw its gambling opposition. The legislature had a sports betting bill in the works in March before COVID ended the session early that would have included both in-person and online sports betting, but passing such a bill is still a difficult task in a state with strong gaming aversions.
California sports betting looks like it will be a reality, but only at tribal casinos and most likely not until State tribes are close to finalizing a ballot measure that would allow sportsbooks on tribal grounds. Wagering could begin as early as if approved, but in-person only and not online. A proposal that would have allowed mobile sports betting while granting extend gaming options to the state commercial cardrooms fell short. With potentially billions of dollars at stake, gaming interests will still pursue California mobile betting, but it appears the tribal casino-only option is the most likely reality for a legal wagering market.
Hawaii is one of just two states currently without any major gambling entity of any kind, and it seems sports betting will not be coming to the state for the foreseeable future, if ever. State laws as written are currently against gambling, save for horse racing. Lawmakers have considered sports betting bills in recent years, but the state has not worked out how it would work, and which entities, most notably Minnesota Native American tribes, would be allowed to take bets.
Oklahoma gaming is dominated by Native American entities and most seem disinclined to agree to sports betting until other key issues with the state government are resolved. Two tribes struck sports betting deals in , but those were later invalidated, part of a larger conflict between competition gaming interests and the government. A court ruling that renewed a previous compact between the two entities gives tribes the upper hand in negotiations with the government. Several bills have been introduced in the past in South Carolina, but none have gained any traction.
Sports betting is likely never coming to Utah, the only state in the continental U. English knights returned from the Crusades with longlegged Arabian stallions, which they bred with sturdy English mares to produce Thoroughbred racehorses. Betting on private horse races became a popular pastime among the nobility. Card games also became popular in Europe around the end of the fourteenth century. During the late s and early s lotteries began to be used in Europe to raise money for public projects.
Native Americans played games of chance as part of tribal ceremonies and celebrations hundreds of years before North America was colonized. One of the most common was a dice and bowl game in which five plum stones or bones carved with different markings were tossed into a bowl or basket. Wagers were placed before the game began, and scoring was based on the combination of markings that appeared after a throw.
The Cheyenne called the game monshimout. A similar game was called hubbub by the Arapaho and by New England tribes. European colonists brought gambling traditions with them to the New World. Historical accounts report that people in parts of New England gambled on horse racing , cockfighting, and bull baiting.
Bull baiting was a blood sport in which a bull was tethered in a ring or pit into which dogs were thrown. The dogs were trained to torment the bull, which responded by goring the dogs. Spectators gambled on how many of the dogs the bull would kill.
Lotteries were later held throughout the colonies to finance the building of towns, roads, hospitals, and schools and to provide other public services. Many colonists, though, disapproved of gambling. The Pilgrims and Puritans fled to North America during the s and s to escape persecution in Europe for their religious beliefs. They believed in a strong work ethic that considered labor morally redeeming and viewed gambling as sinful because it wasted time that might have been spent in productive endeavors.
Cockfighting, bear and bull baiting, wrestling matches, and footraces were popular gambling sports throughout Europe during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. The predecessors of many modern casino games were also developed and popularized during this period. For example, the roulette wheel is often attributed to French mathematician Blaise Pascal — Gambling among British aristocrats became so customary during the early years of the eighteenth century that it presented a financial problem for the country.
Gentlemen gambled away their belongings, their country estates, and even their titles. This prohibition has prevailed in common law for centuries and is still cited in U. Queen Anne is also known for her love of horse racing , which became a popular betting sport along with boxing during her reign. A surge of evangelical Christianity swept through England, Scotland , Germany, and the North American colonies during the mid- to late s.
Many historians refer to this as the Great Awakening , a time when conservative moral values became more prevalent and widespread. Evangelical Christians considered gambling to be a sin and dangerous to society, and religion became a powerful tool for bringing about social change. In general, gambling was tolerated as long as it did not upset the social order. According to James R. West-phal et al. New Orleans became a gambling mecca during the s and s, even though gambling was outlawed during much of that time.
In , eleven years after becoming a state, Louisiana legalized several forms of gambling and licensed several gambling halls in New Orleans. Even though the licensing act was repealed in , casino-type gambling continued to prosper and spread to riverboats traveling the Mississippi River. Professional riverboat gamblers soon developed an unsavory reputation as cheats and scoundrels.
Several historians trace the popularization of poker and craps in the United States to Louisiana gamblers of that period. Riverboat gambling continued to thrive until the outbreak of the Civil War — Andrew Jackson — was president of the United States from to The Jacksonian era was associated with a new attention to social problems and a focus on morality. A new wave of evangelical Christianity swept the country.
According to I. Eadington and Judy A. Cornelius , eds. Across the country, private and public lotteries were plagued by fraud and scandal and fell into disfavor. Objectionable to many southern legislators on moral grounds, lotteries had been banned in most southern states by the s. By only two states, Missouri and Kentucky , had legal lotteries.
However, lotteries were reinstated after the Civil War to raise badly needed funds. Casino gambling, which had been legalized again in Louisiana in , was outlawed at the same time as the lottery. Frontier gambling in the Old West, both legal and illegal, peaked during the mid- to late nineteenth century. Saloons and other gambling houses were common in towns catering to cowboys, traders, and miners. Hickok was shot while playing poker in Gambling in general fell into disfavor as the nineteenth century ended.
In England, Queen Victoria — ruled from to ; her rule was characterized by concern for morality and by the spread of conservative values. These attitudes permeated American society as well. Gambling fell out of favor as a pastime for respectable people. Many eastern racetracks and western casinos were pressured to close for moral and ethical reasons. As new states entered the Union, many included provisions against gambling in their constitutions.
By federal law, all state lotteries were shut down by As the twentieth century began, there were forty-five states in the Union. The territories of Oklahoma , New Mexico , and Arizona gained statehood between and According to Rose, the closure of casinos in New Mexico and Arizona was a precondition for statehood.
In Nevada outlawed casino gambling. That same year, horse racing was outlawed in New York , and almost all gambling was prohibited in the United States. The only legal gambling options at the time were horse races in Maryland and Kentucky and a few isolated card clubs. The s were a time of reawakening for legal gambling interests. Many states legalized horse racing and charitable gambling.
Nevada went even further. In its legislature made casino gambling legal again. It seemed like a logical step: frontier gambling was widely tolerated in the state, even though gambling was officially illegal. More important, Nevada, like the rest of the country, was suffering from a deep recession, and it sought to cash in on two events.
The state's divorce laws were changed in the early s to allow the granting of a divorce after only six weeks of residency, so people from other states temporarily moved into small motels and inns to satisfy the residency requirement. At the same time, construction began on the massive Hoover Dam , only thirty miles from Las Vegas. Thousands of construction workers — like the people waiting for their divorces to become final — were all potential gamblers.
Small legal gambling halls opened in Reno in the northern part of the state , but they catered mostly to cowboys and local residents and had a reputation for being raunchy and wild. In April , however, the first gambling licenses were issued in Las Vegas. The first big casino, El Rancho Vegas, was opened in on what would later be known as the Strip. Many in the business world doubted that casino gambling in Nevada would be successful.
Most of the casino hotels were small establishments operated by local families or small private companies some were dude ranches — western-style resorts that offered horseback riding. They were located in hot and dusty desert towns. There was little or no state and local oversight of gambling activities. However, the end of Prohibition — which had made it illegal to import or sell alcoholic beverages in the United States — brought another element to Las Vegas.
During the Prohibition Era — organized crime syndicates operated massive bootlegging rings and became very powerful and wealthy. When Prohibition ended, they switched their focus to gambling. Organized criminals in New York and Chicago were among the first to see the potential of Nevada. Siegel invested millions of dollars of the mob's money in a big and lavish casino in Las Vegas that he was convinced would attract top-name entertainers and big-spending gamblers.
The Flamingo, a hotel and casino, opened in It was a failure at first, and Siegel was soon killed by his fellow mobsters. Nevada's casinos grew slowly until after World War II — Postwar Americans were full of optimism and had spending money. Tourism began to grow in Nevada. Las Vegas casino resorts attracted Hollywood celebrities and famous entertainers.
The state began collecting gaming taxes during the s. The growing casinos in Las Vegas provided good-paying jobs to workers who brought their families with them, building a middle-class presence. Four years later, the Nevada Gaming Commission was established. During the s the Las Vegas casinos continued to grow. By that time, organized crime syndicates used respectable front men in top management positions while they manipulated the businesses from behind the scenes. Publicly held corporations had been largely kept out of the casino business by a provision in Nevada law that required every individual stockholder to be licensed to operate a casino.
One corporation that was able to get into the casino business was the Summa Corporation, a spin-off of the Hughes Tool Company, with only one stockholder: Howard Hughes — Hughes was a wealthy and eccentric businessman who owned the very profitable Hughes Aircraft Company. He spent a lot of his time in Las Vegas during the s and s and later moved there. Legend has it that mobsters threatened Hughes to drive him out of the casino business in Las Vegas, but he refused to leave.
He invested hundreds of millions of dollars in Las Vegas properties and predicted that the city would be an entertainment center by the end of the century. In the Nevada legislature changed the law to make it easier for corporations to own casinos. To combat organized crime, federal statutes against racketeering the act extorting money or favors from businesses through the use of intimidating tactics or by other illegal means were enacted in , and Nevada officials overhauled the casino regulatory system, making it more difficult for organized crime figures to be involved.
Corporations and legitimate financiers began to invest heavily in casino hotels in Las Vegas and other parts of the state. During the early s the U. Commission on the Review of the National Policy toward Gambling studied Americans' attitudes about gambling and their gambling behavior. In its final report, Gambling in America , the commission made recommendations to state governments that were considering the legalization of gambling and concluded that states should set gambling policy without interference from the federal government , unless problems developed from the infiltration of organized crime or from conflicts between states.
By the mids nine additional states had legalized casino gambling: Colorado , Illinois , Indiana , Iowa , Louisiana , Michigan , Mississippi , Missouri , and South Dakota In New Hampshire was the first state to make a lottery legal again. Called the New Hampshire Sweepstakes, it was tied to horse-race results to avoid laws prohibiting lotteries. New York established a lottery in Twelve other states followed suit during the s. An additional twenty-three states and the District of Columbia legalized lotteries during the s and s.
It went through several incarnations before becoming the Powerball game in South Carolina began operating a lottery in January , following voter approval in a referendum. November voters in Tennessee and North Dakota approved referendums allowing lotteries in their states.
Both began operating in early Oklahoma started a state-controlled, institutionalized lottery in , followed by North Carolina in Lotteries are examined in detail in Chapter 7. Native American tribes established bingo halls to raise funds for tribal operations, and these became highly popular during the s.
Some of the most successful were high-stakes operations in Maine and Florida , where most other forms of gambling were prohibited. However, as the stakes were raised, the tribes began to face legal opposition from state governments. The tribes argued that their status as sovereign independent nations made them exempt from state laws against gambling. Tribes in various states sued, and the issue was debated in court for years.
Finally, the U. Supreme Court's landmark ruling in California v.
The GCA sets out, as part of the state's Business and Professions Code, the licensing terms for entities involved in the gaming market. The GCA sets out the law applicable to all state card rooms, state relations with tribal casinos and bingo.
It also establishes the:. Potential enforcement and disciplinary actions. California Gambling Control Commission, which issues regulations and gaming licences. In addition to the GCA, the state allows tribal casinos to offer card games and slots. These casinos are owned and operated by the state's Native American tribes. The terms, limitations and regulations pertaining to the tribal casinos are set out in compacts negotiated between the state and each tribe that runs a casino.
The California Horse Racing Law governs all aspects of horse racing in the state, including pari-mutuel wagering. California does not currently have any online gaming legislation. However, the state has tried many times over the past several years to legalise online poker and other online games see Question 18, Online gambling. Definitions of gambling.
What is the legal definition of gambling in your jurisdiction and what falls within this definition? General definition California state law does not define gambling. However, case law has established that three elements must be present for an activity to qualify as gambling for example, see Trinkle v California State Lottery, Cal. A prize. Online gambling California law does not define online gambling. Land-based gambling California law does not define land-based gambling. Regulatory authorities.
What are the regulatory or governmental bodies that are responsible for supervising gambling? The CGCC has regulatory and licensing authority over all:. Gaming operators. Third-party providers of proposition player services. Tribal casinos, pursuant to the relevant state-tribe compacts.
The CGCC is comprised of five members, as follows:. One at-large member. The CGCC's primary work is focused on the licensing and supervision of the state's card rooms, which includes:. Issuing licences to owners, supervisors, players and key employees. Developing and implementing regulations under the Gambling Control Act. Make suitability determinations on tribal key employees and resources. Oversee the various state funds for tribal gaming. Develop regulations that are consistent with the related state-tribe compacts.
The tribes that run casinos also have their own gaming commissions to oversee casino operations. The Office of the Attorney General's Bureau of Gambling Control is responsible for the enforcement of gambling laws and regulations, which includes:. Conducting investigations into entities and individuals who apply for gambling licences. Conducting ongoing compliance investigations. Reviewing rules of games and gaming activities in all state card rooms.
Administering the state self-exclusion programme for problem gambling. Additionally, there are entities that specialise in specific types of gaming. The California Horse Racing Board oversees all horse racing and pari-mutuel matters. The California Lottery runs the only authorised lottery in the state. Municipalities also have licensing and enforcement authority over traditional bingo games.
Gambling products. What gambling products have been specifically identified by legislation, and what different requirements have been established for each? Poker California does not define poker separately. However, poker is permitted in the state's card rooms and tribal casinos.
In-home, not-for-profit poker games are also permitted. Betting Non-sports betting is not permitted in California. Sports betting Sports betting, other than pari-mutuel wagering on horse racing, is not permitted in California. However, due to the invalidation of the federal prohibitions on sports betting, the state has considered a constitutional amendment that would legalise sports betting in the state borders.
Assemblyman Adam Gray and Senator Bill Dodd attempted to introduce ACA 16, which was to propose putting sports betting up to a vote among voters in However, the bill failed. Casino games Casino games are not separately defined in California. It is or can be used or operated in such a way that, as a result of the insertion of any piece of money or coin or other object, the machine or device is caused to operate or can be operated or played, mechanically, electrically, automatically or manually.
By reason of any element of hazard or chance, the user may:. Apart from any element of hazard or chance, a slot machine will also sell, deliver or present some merchandise, indication of weight, entertainment or other thing of value. Terminal-based gaming Terminal-based gaming is not separately defined in California.
What is the licensing regime if any for land-based gambling? Available licences There is currently a moratorium on card rooms in California until January However, interested parties can buy licences from currently operating card rooms. Licences for other casinos are only available for the state's tribes. There are currently 63 active tribal licences. Tribal casino licences are negotiated through a compact between the tribe and the state.
The compacts set out the terms of the relationship between the state and the tribe in operating the casino, including:. Revenue sharing. Other details related to operating a casino on tribal land. Eligibility Not applicable. There are currently no licences available for card rooms. Eligibility for a tribal licence depends on the negotiations with each tribe.
Application procedure Not applicable. The provisions of tribal-state compacts vary depending on the negotiations with each tribe. The renewal fee is USD1, As California is a community property state, spouses of licensees must also register, which costs USD1, initially and USD on renewal.
As such, a separate application must be made if a licensee experiences a change in corporate control. What are the limitations or requirements imposed on land-based gambling operators? Prohibitions Generally, only card rooms, bingo and pari-mutuel wagering on horse races are permitted in California.
Other casino games, such as slot machines, are limited to tribal casinos operated on tribal lands under the state-tribe compacts. The minimum age to gamble in California is 18, although many casinos have a minimum age of 21 for entry, to comply with state alcohol laws. Restrictions California has a self-exclusion programme, which does not encompass tribal casinos or pari-mutuel horse wagering.
The programme allows for a one-year or lifetime exclusion. Most tribal casinos operate their own self-exclusion programmes. Anti-money laundering legislation There is no state legislation on money laundering. Federal law governs all anti-money laundering matters. What is the licensing regime if any for online gambling? Online gambling is not regulated in California, so there is no licensing regime for online gambling. Changes of corporate control Online gambling is not regulated in California, so there is no licensing regime for online gambling.
What are the limitations or requirements imposed on online gambling operators? Online gambling is not regulated in California. However, the state has made several attempts to legalise online poker in recent years. In , a member of the State Assembly introduced Assembly Bill , which would legalise online poker. The bill made progress, but received opposition from the horse racing industry due to perceived threats to pari-mutuel pools, and from state tribes over the "bad actor" provision see Question 18, Online gambling.
Legislative efforts overcame the horse racing industry's opposition, but concerns over the "bad actor" provisions were insurmountable. The bill failed in and was not taken up in However, the legislation remains under active consideration.
Is there a distinction between the law applicable between B2B operations and B2C operations in online gambling? Technical measures. What technical measures are in place if any to protect consumers from unlicensed operators, such as ISP blocking and payment blocking? The current law does not allow for mobile wagering.
Legal sports betting arrived in Iowa on Aug. The move came three months after Iowa Governor Kim Reynolds signed into a law a comprehensive bill to legalize sports betting in the Hawkeye State. The new law permits mobile wagering. Betting on college sports is permitted, but certain kinds of in-game prop bets involving college games are banned. The new law bestows the Iowa Racing and Gaming Commission with authority to regulate sports betting.
Type of wagering permitted: In-person and mobile Notable prohibitions: No prop betting on in-state college athletics Number of casinos as of Dec. Legal sports betting returned to Oregon on Aug. Oregon is one of a small number of states that already had a law on the books permitting some forms of sports betting, so the resumption of wagering did not require the legislature to pass any new law or have the governor amend an existing tribal-state compact.
In mid-October, mobile sports betting arrived in Oregon too, with the state-run lottery overseeing the launch of a new website and app. Type of wagering permitted: In-person and mobile Notable prohibitions: None at the Chinook Winds Casino Resort, but sportsbook operated by the Oregon Lottery does not permit betting on games involving in-state colleges Number of casinos as of Dec.
Legal sports betting opened up at a number of locations in Indiana on Sept. The Indiana Gaming Commission oversees all sports betting regulations and has issued licenses to operators across the state. Wagering on both college and pro sports is permitted, but betting on esports and high school sports is banned. Indiana's new law allows for both mobile and in-person wagering. Regulations permit sports leagues or colleges to request "to utilize a geofence to prohibit wagers at the location of a particular sporting event.
The state's lottery is in charge of regulatory of regulatory oversight. Both retail and mobile sports betting will be permitted on a wide variety of sports, although no betting on New Hampshire's in-state colleges is allowed. Type of wagering permitted: Mobile Notable prohibitions: No betting on in-state colleges Number of casinos as of Dec. Legal sports betting arrived in Illinois on March 9, The move came less than a year after the Illinois legislature passed a broad gaming bill that allowed for both online and in-person sports betting.
With Governor J. Pritzker's signature, the new law also provided for betting on-location at venues such as Wrigley Field. Operators and certain data providers are required to obtain a license under the new law. Type of wagering permitted: In-person and mobile Notable prohibitions: No wagering on minor leagues or Illinois college teams Number of casinos as of Dec. Legal sports betting in Michigan commenced on March 11, , with two Detroit-area casinos launching on the same day.
The new law provides for wagering on a wide variety of sports, including college contests. Legal sports betting arrived in Montana in March The move came after Governor Steve Bullock formally signed into law a page bill that brought sports wagering to Big Sky country via the state's lottery.
Governor Bullock cited the Montana Lottery's "proven track record of responsibility and integrity" when signing the bill. May 1, marked the launch of legal sports betting in Colorado, with multiple operators allowing residents to open accounts online and place wagers. The move came less than six months after Colorado voters -- by a narrow margin -- approved a ballot measure that would provide "for the regulation of sports betting through licensed casinos.
Tax revenue from sports betting will help fund various state water projects. In June , the D. Lottery launched its "GameBetDC" platform allowing consumers "to wager while in the District on major sports worldwide" via computer or mobile device. Sports betting in nation's capital followed the passage of the Sports Wagering Lottery Amendment Act of and a Congressional review period during which time Congress did not formally object. The Office of Lottery and Gaming provides regulatory oversight of all sports wagering in D.
Type of wagering permitted: In-person and mobile Notable prohibitions: No betting on games involving colleges located in D. Number of casinos as of Dec. Regulated sports wagering -- all online -- launched on November 1, in Tennessee with four licensed operators offering a wide variety of options. The "Tennessee Sports Gaming Act" permits statewide mobile sports betting without any brick-and-mortar anchor.
As such, there are no in-person retail sports betting locations in the state. Subject to an exception, Tennessee's new law requires all licensed operators to "exclusively use official league data for purposes of live betting. On July 26, , Governor Roy Cooper signed into a law a bill to "allow sports and horse race wagering on tribal lands," with such betting designated as a 'Class III' gaming activity under the state compact.
The new law permits betting on both college and professional sports, but all bettors must place their wagers in-person at one of two retail locations. Governor Jay Inslee signed Washington's sports betting bill into law on March 25, The new law permits sports wagering at Class III tribal casinos in the state. Mobile sports wagering is not allowed statewide, but is permitted when on-site at a licensed tribal casino.
Betting on an "esports competition or event" is allowed, but the new law bans wagering on games involving in-state colleges or minor league professional events. The new bill delegates regulatory oversight to the Washington State Gambling Commission. After some back-and-forth between Governor Ralph Northam and the legislature, legalized sports wagering was approved in the Commonwealth of Virginia in April Online betting is allowed, but wagering is not permitted on Virginia-based college sports or certain youth sports.
In November , Maryland voters approved "sports and events betting for the primary purpose of raising revenue for education" by about a margin. A regulatory framework must be created by Maryland lawmakers before any sports wagering takes place. The Maryland referendum would potentially allow for both in-person and mobile sports betting throughout the state. On November 3, , voters in South Dakota approved a ballot measure permitting "sports wagering in Deadwood.
State lawmakers must now establish a regulatory apparatus and tax rate for legalized sports wagering. In November , voters in the vast majority of Louisiana's 64 parishes approved a ballot measure permitting "sports wagering activities and operations. Lawmakers will be tasked with setting up a regulatory scheme during an upcoming state legislative session. All of these states have seen some degree of legislative activity towards the legalization of sports betting the past few years.
In April , two federally-recognized tribes reached agreement with Oklahoma Governor Kevin Stitt on new gaming compacts that include sports betting. On June 8, , Governor Stitt announced that the Department of the Interior had approved the compacts, paving the way for sports betting to start in Oklahoma as soon as the "compacts are published in the Federal Register.
The legislature could re-introduce the bill later. On November 3, , Nebraska voters approved certain amendments to its state constitution legalizing "all games of chance. Utah's anti-gambling stance is written into the state's constitution. Any change to existing state policy toward gambling would be a massive departure from decades of opposition to any form of gambling, including lottery tickets, table games and sports betting. Skip to navigation.
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